Theoretical Papers

Ehlers, A., & Clark, D.M. (2000). A cognitive model of posttraumatic stress disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 38, 319-345.

Ehlers, A., Hackmann, A., Steil, R., Clohessy, S., Wenninger, K., & Winter, H. (2002). The nature of intrusive memories after trauma: The warning signal hypothesis. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 40, 995–1002.

Ehlers, A., Hackmann, A. & Michael, T. (2004). Intrusive reexperiencing in posttraumatic stress disorder: Phenomenology, theory, and therapy. Memory, 12, 403-415.

Ehlers, A., & Steil, R. (1995). Maintenance of Intrusive Memories in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Cognitive Approach. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy23(3), 217–249. 


Treatment guidance, outcome and process studies

Murray, H., Grey, N., Wild, J., Warnock-Parkes, E., Kerr, A., Clark, D.M., Ehlers, A. (2020). Cognitive Therapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder following Critical Illness and Intensive Care Unit Admission. The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist. doi: 10.1017/S1754470X2000015X 

Wild, J., Warnock-Parkes, E., Murray, H., Kerr, A., Thew, G., Grey, N., Clark, D.M. & Ehlers, A. (2020). Treating posttraumatic Stress Disorder Remotely with Cognitive Therapy for PTSD. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 11:1, 1785818  doi: 10.1080/20008198.2020.1785818

Wiedemann, M., Stott, N., Nickless, A., Beierl, E.T., Wild, J., Warnock-Parkes, E., Grey, N., Clark, D.M., & Ehlers, A. (2020). Cognitive processes associated with sudden gains in cognitive therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder in routine care. Journal of Consulting and Clinical  Psychology, 88, 455-469. doi: 10.1037/ccp0000488

Meiser‐Stedman, R., Smith, P., McKinnon, A., Dixon, C., Trickey, D., Ehlers, A., … Dalgleish, T. (2017). Cognitive therapy as an early treatment for post‐traumatic stress disorder in children and adolescents: a randomized controlled trial addressing preliminary efficacy and mechanisms of action. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines58(5), 623–633. 

Woodward, E., Hackmann, A., Wild, J., Grey, N., Clark, D. M., & Ehlers, A. (2017). Effects of psychotherapies for posttraumatic stress disorder on sleep disturbances: Results from a randomized clinical trial. Behaviour Research and Therapy97, 75–85. 

Wild, J., Warnock-Parkes, E., Grey, N., Stott, R., Wiedemann, M., Canvin, L., … Ehlers, A. (2016). Internet-delivered cognitive therapy for PTSD: a development pilot series. European Journal of Psychotraumatology7

Lommen, M. J. J., Grey, N., Clark, D. M., Wild, J., Stott, R., & Ehlers, A. (2016). Sleep and treatment outcome in post-traumatic stress disorder: Results from an effectiveness study. Depression and Anxiety33(7), 575–583. 

Schnyder, U., Bryant, R. A., Ehlers, A., Foa, E. B., Hasan, A., Mwiti, G., … Yule, W. (2016). Culture-sensitive psychotraumatology. European Journal of Psychotraumatology7

Brady, F., Warnock-Parkes, E., Barker, C., & Ehlers, A. (2015). Early in-session predictors of response to trauma-focused cognitive therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy75, 40–47. 

Schnyder, U., Ehlers, A., Elbert, T., Foa, E. B., Gersons, B. P. R., Resick, P. A., … Cloitre, M. (2015). Psychotherapies for PTSD: what do they have in common? European Journal of Psychotraumatology6

Ehlers, A., Hackmann, A., Grey, N., Wild, J., Liness, S., Albert, I., … Clark, D.M. (2014). A Randomised Controlled Trial of 7-day Intensive and Standard Weekly Cognitive Therapy for PTSD and Emotion-Focused Supportive Therapy. Am J Psychiatry, 171(3), 294-304.

Ehlers, A., Grey, N., Wild, J., Stott, R., Liness, S., Deale, A., … Clark, D. M. (2013). Implementation of Cognitive Therapy for PTSD in routine clinical care: Effectiveness and moderators of outcome in a consecutive sample. Behaviour Research and Therapy51(11), 742–752. 

Kleim, B., Grey, N., Wild, J., Nussbeck, F. W., Stott, R., Hackmann, A., … Ehlers, A. (2013). Cognitive Change Predicts Symptom Reduction With Cognitive Therapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology81(3), 383–393.

Ehlers, A., Mauchnik, J., & Handley, R. (2012). Reducing unwanted trauma memories by imaginal exposure or autobiographical memory elaboration: An analogue study of memory processes. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry43(Suppl 1), S67–S75. 

Ehlers, A., Bisson, J., Clark, D. M., Creamer, M., Pilling, S., Richards, D., … Yule, W. (2010). Do all psychological treatments really work the same in posttraumatic stress disorder? Clinical Psychology Review30(2), 269–276. 

Ehlers, A., Clark, D. M., Hackmann, A., Grey, N., Liness, S., Wild, J., … McManus, F. (2010). Intensive Cognitive Therapy for PTSD: A Feasibility Study. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy38(4), 383–398. 

Wild, J., & Ehlers, A. (2010). Self-study assisted cognitive therapy for PTSD: a case study. European Journal of Psychotraumatology1

Brewin, C.R., Fuchkan, N., Huntley, Z., Robertson, M., Scragg, P., Thompson, M., d’Ardenne, P., & Ehlers, A. (2010). Outreach and screening following the 2005 London bombings: usage and outcomes. Psychological Medicine, 40, 2049–2057. doi: 10.1017/S0033291710000206.

Brewin, C. R., Scragg, P., Robertson, M., Thompson, M., d’ Ardenne, P., & on behalf of the Psychosocial Steering Group, London Bombings Trauma Response Programme, A. (2008). Promoting Mental Health Following the London Bombings: A Screen and Treat Approach. Journal of Traumatic Stress21(1), 3–8. 

Ehlers, A., Gene-Cos, N., & Perrin, S. (2009). Low recognition of posttraumatic stress disorder in primary care. London Journal of Primary Care, 2, 36-42.

Handley, R., Salkovskis, P., & Ehlers, A. (2009). Treating clinically significant avoidance of public transport following the London Bombings. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 37, 87-93. doi: 10.1017/S1352465808004943

Bisson, J., Ehlers, A., Matthews, R., Pilling, S., Richards, D., & Turner, S. (2007). Psychological treatments for chronic post-traumatic stress disorder: Systematic review and meta-analysis. British Journal of Psychiatry, 190, 97-104.

Duffy, M, Gillespie, K., & Clark, D.M. (2007). Post-traumatic stress disorder in the context of terrorism and other civil conflict in Northern Ireland: randomised controlled trial. British Medical Journal, doi:10.1136/bmj.39021.846852.BE

Speckens, A.E.M., Ehlers, A., Hackmann, A., & Clark, D.M. (2006). Changes in intrusive memories associated with imaginal reliving in posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 20, 328-341.

Ehlers, A., Clark, D.M., Hackmann, A., McManus, F., Fennell, M. (2005).  Cognitive therapy for PTSD: development and evaluation. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 43, 413-431.

Hackmann, A., Ehlers, A., Speckens, A. & Clark, D.M. (2004). Characteristics and content of intrusive memories in PTSD and their changes with treatment. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 17, 231-240.

Ehlers, A., Clark, D.M., Hackmann, A., McManus F., Fennell, M., Herbert, C. & Mayou, R. (2003).  A randomized controlled trial of cognitive therapy, self-help booklet, and repeated assessment as early interventions for PTSD. Archives of General Psychiatry, 60, 1024 –1032.

McNally, R. J., Bryant, R. A., & Ehlers, A. (2003).  Does early psychological intervention promote recovery from posttraumatic stress?  Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 4, 45-79.

Gillespie, K., Duffy, M., Hackmann, A., & Clark, D. M. (2002). Community based cognitive therapy in the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder following the Omagh bomb. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 40, 345-357.

Mayou, R.A., Ehlers, A., & Hobbs, M. (2000). A three-year follow-up of psychological debriefing for road traffic accident victims. British Journal of Psychiatry, 176, 589-593.

Ehlers, A., Clark, D.M., Dunmore, E.B., Jaycox, L., Meadows, E. & Foa, E.B. (1998). Predicting response to exposure in PTSD: The role of mental defeat and alienation. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 11, 457-471.

Ehlers, A. & Murray, H. L. (2020). Cognitive therapy. In C.A. Courtois & J.D. Ford (Eds.),
Treating complex traumatic stress disorders (adults): Scientific foundations and therapeutic models, 2nd ed. (pp. 226-248). New York: Guilford Press.

Predicting PTSD after trauma

Beierl, E.T., Böllinghaus, I., Clark, D.M., Glucksman, E. & Ehlers, A.   (2019). Cognitive paths from trauma to posttraumatic stress disorder: A prospective study of Ehlers and Clark’s model in survivors of assaults or road traffic collisions. Psychological Medicine.  DOI: 10.1017/S0033291719002253

Haag, K., Hiller, R., Peyk, P., Michael, T., Meiser-Stedman, R., Fearon P., Ehlers, A., & Halligan, S. (2019). A longitudinal examination of heart rate and heart rate variability as risk markers for child posttraumatic stress symptoms in an acute injury sample. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. DOI: 10.1007/s10802-019-00553-2

Hiller, R.M., Creswell, C., Meiser-Stedman, R., Lobo, S., Cowdrey, F., Lyttle, M.D., Ehlers, A., Murray, L., & Halligan, S.L. (2018). A longitudinal examination of the relationship between trauma-related cognitive factors and internalising and externalising psychopathology in injured children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, DOI: 10.1007/s10802-018-0477-8

Hiller, R.M., Meiser-Stedman,  R., Lobo, S., Creswell, C., Fearon, P., Ehlers, A., Murray, L., & Halligan, S.L. (2018). A longitudinal investigation of the role of parental responses in predicting children’s posttraumatic distress. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12846

Kleim, B., Horn, A.B., Kraehenmann, R., Mehl, R.M., & Ehlers, A. (2018). Early linguistic markers of trauma-specific processing indicate vulnerability for later chronic posttraumatic stress disorder. Frontiers Psychiatry, 9, 645. DOI: 10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00645

Haag, C., Robinaugh, D.J., Ehlers, A. & Kleim, B. (2017). Understanding emergence of chronic posttraumatic stress disorder through acute stress symptom networks. JAMA Psychiatry, 74. 649-650. DOI:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2017.0788.

Wild, J., Smith, K., Thompson, E., Bear, F., Lommen, M., & Ehlers, A (2016). A prospective study of pre-trauma risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder and depression. Psychological Medicine, 46, 2571-2582.  DOI: 10.1017/S0033291716000532

Ehring, T., & Ehlers, A. (2014). Does rumination mediate the relationship between emotional regulation ability and posttraumatic stress disorder. European Journal of Psychotraumatology. 5, 23547 doi: 10.3402/ejpt.v5.23547 PMID: 25206955 WOS: 000341136500001

Duffy M, Bolton D, Gillespie K, Ehlers A, Clark DM (2013) A Community Study of the Psychological Effects of the Omagh Car Bomb on Adults. PLoS ONE 8(9)

Freeman, D, Thompson, C., Vorontsova, N., Dunn, G., Carter, L.A., Garety, P., Kuipers, E., Slater, M., Antley, A., Glucksman, E., & Ehlers, A. (2013). Paranoia and post-traumatic stress disorder in the months after physical assault: A longitudinal study examining shared and differential predictors. Psychological Medicine, 43, 2673-2684. doi: 10.1017/S003329171300038X.

Kleim, B., Ehlers, A., & Glucksman, E. (2012). Investigating Cognitive Pathways to Psychopathology: Predicting Depression and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder From Early Responses After Assault. Psychological Trauma4(5), 527–537. 

Kleim, B., Ehring, T, & Ehlers, A. (2012). Perceptual processing advantages for trauma-related visual cues in posttraumatic stress disorder. Psychological Medicine, 42, 173-181. doi:10.1017/S0033291711001048.

Ehring, T., & Ehlers, A. (2011). Enhanced Priming for Trauma-Related Words Predicts Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Journal of Abnormal Psychology120(1), 234–239. 

Ehlers, A., Suendermann, O., Boellinghaus, I., Vossbeck-Elsebusch, A., Gamer, M., Briddon, E., … Glucksman, E. (2010). Heart rate responses to standardized trauma-related pictures in acute posttraumatic stress disorder. International Journal of Psychophysiology78(1), 27–34. 

Kleim, B., Wilhelm, F., Glucksman, E., & Ehlers, A.  (2010). Sex differences in heart rate responses to script-driven imagery soon after trauma and risk of posttraumatic stress disorder. Psychosomatic Medicine, 72, 917–924. doi: 10.1097/PSY.0b013e3181f8894b.

Sündermann, O., Ehlers, A., Böllinghaus, I., Gamer, M., & Glucksman, E. (2010). Early heart rate responses to standardized trauma-related pictures predict posttraumatic stress disorder – a prospective study. Psychosomatic Medicine, 72, 302-310. doi:10.1097/PSY.0b013e3181d07db8.

Ehring, T., Ehlers, A., Cleare, A. J., & Glucksman, E. (2008). Do acute psychological and psychobiological responses to trauma predict subsequent symptom severities of PTSD and depression? Psychiatry Research161(1), 67–75.

Ehring, T., Ehlers, A., & Glucksman, E. (2008). Do Cognitive Models Help in Predicting the Severity of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Phobia, and Depression After Motor Vehicle Accidents? A Prospective Longitudinal Study. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology76(2), 219–230. 

Ehring, T., Frank, S., & Ehlers, A. (2008). The role of rumination and reduced concreteness in the maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder and depression following trauma. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 33, 488-506. doi: 10.1007/s10608-006-9089-7.

Iversen, A.C., Fear, N.T., Ehlers, A., Hacker Hughes, J., Hull, L., Earnshaw, M., Greenberg, N., Rona, R., Wessely, S., & Hotopf, M. (2008) Risk factors for post-traumatic stress disorder among UK Armed Forces personnel. Psychological Medicine, 38, 511-522.

Kleim, B., & Ehlers, A. (2008). Reduced Autobiographical Memory Specificity Predicts Depression and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder After Recent Trauma. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology76(2), 231–242. 

Ehring, T., Kleim, B., Clark, D.M., Foa, E.B., & Ehlers, A. (2007). Screening for post-traumatic stress disorder: What combination of symptoms predicts best? Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 195, 1004-1012.

Kleim, B., Ehlers, A., & Glucksman, E. (2007). Early predictors of chronic post-traumatic stress disorder in assault survivors. Psychological Medicine37(10), 1457–1467. 

Michael, T., Halligan, S., Clark, D.M., & Ehlers, A. (2007). Rumination in posttraumatic stress disorder. Depression and Anxiety, 24, 307-317.

Michael, T., Ehlers, A., Halligan, S., & Clark, D.M. (2005). Unwanted memories of assault: What intrusion characteristics predict PTSD? Behaviour Research and Therapy, 43, 613-628.

Bryant, B., Mayou, R.A., Wiggs, L., Ehlers, A., Day, A. & Stores, G. (2004). Psychological consequences of road traffic accidents for children and their mothers. Psychological Medicine, 34, 335-346.

Halligan, S. L., Michael, T., Clark, D.M., & Ehlers, A. (2003).  Posttraumatic stress disorder following assault: the role of cognitive processing, trauma memory, and appraisals. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 71, 419-431.

Mayou, R.A., Ehlers, A., & Bryant, B. (2002). Posttraumatic stress disorder after motor vehicle accidents: 3-year follow-up of a prospective longitudinal study. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 40, 665-675.

Murray, J., Ehlers, A. & Mayou, R.A. (2002). Dissociation and posttraumatic stress disorder: Two prospective studies of road traffic accident victims. British Journal of Psychiatry, 180, 363-368.

Dunmore, E., Clark, D.M., & Ehlers, A. (2001). A prospective study of the role of cognitive factors in persistent posttraumatic stress disorder after physical or sexual assault. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 39, 1063-1084.

Ehlers, A., Mayou, R.A., & Bryant, B. (1998). Psychological predictors of chronic PTSD after motor vehicle accidents. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 107, 508-519.


Cross-sectional studies of cognitions in PTSD

Sachschal, J., Woodward, E., & Ehlers, A. (2019). Appraisal biases about strangers in posttraumatic stress disorder. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 43, 247-258.  DOI: 10.1007/s10608-018-9962-1

Woodward, E., Sachschal, J. & Ehlers, A. (2019). Night-time rumination in PTSD: Development and validation of a brief measure. European Journal of Psychotraumatology. 10(1),1651476, DOI: 10.1080/20008198.2019.1672948.

Alberici, A. Claxton, J., Meiser-Stedman, R., Smith, P., Ehlers, A., Dixon, D., & McKinnon, A. (2018). The preliminary development and validation of a trauma-related safety-seeking-seeking behaviour measure for youth: the Child Safety Behaviour Scale (CSBS). Journal of Traumatic Stress. DOI: 10.1002/jts.22332

Kleim, B., Graham, B., Fihosy, S., Stott, R. and Ehlers, A (2013) Reduced Specificity in episodic future thinking in PTSD, Clinical Psychological Science, 2, 2, 165-173

Kleim, B., Graham, B., Bryant, R. A., & Ehlers, A. (2013). Capturing Intrusive Re-experiencing in Trauma Survivors’ Daily Lives Using Ecological Momentary Assessment. Journal of Abnormal Psychology122(4), 998–1009. 

Ehring, T., Zetsche, U., Weidacker, K., Wahl, K., Schönfeld, S., & Ehlers, A. (2011). The Perseverative Thinking Questionnaire (PTQ): Validation of a content-independent measure of repetitive negative thinking. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 42, 225-232. doi: 10.1016/j.jbtep.2010.12.003. PMCID: PMC3042595

Kleim, B., Gonzalo, D., & Ehlers, A. (2011). The Depressive Attributions Questionnaire (DAQ):  Development of a short self-report measure of depressogenic attributions. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 33, 375-382. doi: 10.1007/s10862-011-9234-9. PMCID: PMC3143342

White, M., McManus, F., & Ehlers, A. (2008). An investigation of whether patients with post-traumatic stress disorder overestimate the probability and cost of future negative events. Journal of Anxiety Disorders22(7), 1244–1254. 

Evans, C., Ehlers, A., Mezey, G., & Clark, D.M. (2007). Intrusive memories in perpetrators of violent crime: Emotions and cognitions. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 75, 134-144

Evans, C., Ehlers, A., Mezey, G., & Clark, D.M. (2007). Intrusive memories and ruminations related to violent crime among young offenders: phenomenological characteristics. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 20, 183-196.

Michael, T. & Ehlers, A. (2007). Enhanced perceptual priming for neutral stimuli occurring in a traumatic context: Two experimental investigations. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 45, 341-358.

Schönfeld, S., Ehlers, A., Böllinghaus, I., & Rief, W. (2007). Overgeneral memory and suppression of trauma memories in posttraumatic stress disorder. Memory, 15, 339-352.

Speckens, A, Ehlers, A., Hackmann, A., Ruths, F. & Clark, D.M. (2007).  Intrusive memories and rumination in patients with posttraumatic stress disorder: a phenomenological comparison. Memory, 15, 249-257.

Ehring, T., Ehlers, A. & Glucksman, E.  (2006). Contribution of cognitive factors to the prediction of post-traumatic stress disorder, phobia and depression after motor vehicle accidents. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 44, 1699-1716.

Halligan, S.L., Michael, T., Wilhelm, F., Clark, D.M., & Ehlers, A. (2006). Reduced heart rate responding to trauma reliving in trauma survivors with PTSD: correlates and consequences. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 19, 721-734.

Schönfeld, S. & Ehlers, A. (2006). Overgeneral memory extends to pictorial retrieval cues and correlates with cognitive features in posttraumatic stress disorder. Emotion, 6, 611-622.

Ali, T.,Dunmore, E.,Clark, D.M., & Ehlers, A. (2002). The role of negative beliefs in posttraumatic stress disorder: a comparison of assault victims and non-victims. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 30, 249-257

Ehlers, A., Maercker, A. & Boos, A. (2000). PTSD following political imprisonment: The role of mental defeat, alienation, and permanent change. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 109, 45-55.

Steil, R. & Ehlers, A. (2000). Dysfunctional meaning of posttraumatic intrusions in chronic PTSD. Behaviour Research and Therapy. 38, 537-558.

Clohessy, S. & Ehlers, A. (1999). PTSD symptoms, response to intrusive memories, and coping in ambulance service workers. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 38, 251-265.

Dunmore, E., Clark, D.M., & Ehlers, A. (1999). Cognitive factors involved in the onset and maintenance of PTSD. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 37, 809-829.

Foa, E.B., Ehlers, A., Clark, D.M., Tolin, D., & Orsillo, S. (1999). The Post-traumatic Cognitions Inventory (PTCI). Development and validation. Psychological Assessment, 11, 303-314.

Wenninger, K. & Ehlers, A. (1998). Dysfunctional cognitions and adult psychological functioning in child sexual abuse survivors. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 11, 281-300.

Dunmore, E., Clark, D.M., & Ehlers, A. (1997). Cognitive factors in persistent vs. recovered post-traumatic stress disorder after physical or sexual assault: A pilot study. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 25, 147-159.

Experimental studies

Sachschal, J., Woodward, E., Wichelmann, J., Haag, K., & Ehlers, A. (2019). Differential effects of poor recall and memory disjointedness on trauma symptoms. Clinical Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1177/2167702619847195

Lommen, M.J.J., Duta, M., Vanbrabant, K., de Jong, R., Juechems, K., & Ehlers, A. (2017). Training discrimination diminishes maladaptive avoidance of innocuous stimuli in a fear conditioning paradigm. PLOS ONE,12th October 2017, DOI:  10.1371/journal.pone.0184485

Schönfeld, S. & Ehlers, A. (2017) PTSD and autobiographical memories in everyday life, Clinical Psychological Science, 5, 2, 325-340

Geddes, G., Ehlers, A., & Freeman, D. (2016). Hallucinations in the months after a trauma: An investigation of the role of cognitive processing of a physical assault in the occurrence of hallucinatory experiences. Psychiatry Research246, 601–605. 

McKinnon, A., Meiser‐Stedman, R., Watson, P., Dixon, C., Kassam‐Adams, N., Ehlers, A., … Dalgleish, T. (2016). The latent structure of Acute Stress Disorder symptoms in trauma‐exposed children and adolescents. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines57(11), 1308–1316. 

Duffy, M., McDermott, M., Percy, A., Ehlers, A., Clark, D. M., Fitzgerald, M., & Moriarty, J. (2015). The effects of the Omagh bomb on adolescent mental health: a school-based study. BMC Psychiatry15, 18. 

Stark, E. A., Parsons C.E., Van Hartevelt T.J., Charquero Ballester M., McManners H., Ehlers A., Stein A., & Kringelbach M.L. (2015). Post-traumatic stress influences the brain even in the absence of symptoms: A systematic, quantitative meta-analysis of neuroimaging studies. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 56, 207-221. doi: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2015.07.007

Zetsche, U., Ehring, T., & Ehlers, A. (2009). The effects of rumination on mood and intrusive memories after exposure to traumatic material: An experimental study. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry40(4), 499–514. 

Sündermann, O., Hauschildt, M., & Ehlers, A. (2013). Perceptual processing during trauma, priming and the development of intrusive memories. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry44(2), 213–220.

Gonzalo, D., Kleim, B., Donaldson, C., Moorey, S., & Ehlers, A. (2012). How Disorder-Specific are Depressive Attributions? A Comparison of Individuals with Depression, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Healthy Controls. Cognitive Therapy and Research36(6), 731–739.

Griffith, J. W., Kleim, B., Sumner, J. A., & Ehlers, A. (2012). The Factor Structure of the Autobiographical Memory Test in Recent Trauma Survivors. Psychological Assessment24(3), 640–646. 

Evans, C., Mezey, G., & Ehlers, A. (2009). Amnesia for violent crime among young offenders. The Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology20(1), 85–106. 

R.V. Handley, P.M. Salkovskis, P. Scragg, A. Ehlers (2009) Clinically significant avoidance of public transport following the London bombings: travel phobia or subthreshold posttraumatic stress disorder? Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 23, pp. 1170-1176

Kleim, B., & Ehlers, A. (2009). Evidence for a curvilinear relationship between posttraumatic growth and posttrauma depression and PTSD in assault survivors. Journal of Traumatic Stress22(1), 45–52. 

Zetsche, U., Ehring, T., & Ehlers, A. (2009). The effects of rumination on mood and intrusive memories after exposure to traumatic material: An experimental study. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry40(4), 499–514. 

Kleim, B., Wallott, F., & Ehlers, A. (2008). Are Trauma Memories Disjointed from other Autobiographical Memories in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder? An Experimental Investigation. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy36(2), 221–234. 

Ehring, T., Frank, S., & Ehlers, A. (2008). The Role of Rumination and Reduced Concreteness in the Maintenance of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Depression Following Trauma. Cognitive Therapy and Research32(4), 488–506. 

Meiser-Stedman, R., Dalgleish, T., Smith, P., Yule, W., Bryant, B., Ehlers, A., Mayou, R.M., Kassam-Adams, N., & Winston, F. (2007). Dissociative symptoms and the acute stress disorder diagnosis in child and adolescent motor vehicle survivors: A replication of Harvey & Bryant (1999). Journal of Traumatic Stress, 20, 359-364.

Ehlers, A., Michael, T., Chen, Y.P., Payne, E., & Shan, S. (2006). Enhanced perceptual priming for neutral stimuli in a traumatic context: A pathway to intrusive memories? Memory, 14, 316-328.

Michael, T., Ehlers, A. & Halligan, S.L. (2005). Enhanced priming for trauma-related material in posttraumatic stress disorder. Emotion, 5, 103-112.

Halligan, S.L., Clark, D.M., & Ehlers, A. (2002). Cognitive processing, memory, and the development of PTSD symptoms: two experimental analogue studies. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 33, 73-89.